By Martin Stuart-Fox
This informative yet concise heritage of China and Southeast Asia is ideal for tourists, scholars, lecturers, and businesspeople. transportable and attractively designed, it contains colour illustrations, maps, and a short heritage of the sector. Explored are kin among China and Southeast Asia throughout millennia; styles of international relations, advertisement networks, and migration; and the way those have various through the years. With a spotlight on sleek heritage, this can be a interesting account of imperial ambition, inner cave in and revival, cultural and advertisement endeavors, and struggle and revolution. vital perception into the advanced background of the fastest-growing quarter on this planet is offered.
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Additional info for A Short History of China and Southeast Asia: Tribute, Trade and Influence (A Short History of Asia series)
When he became frail or died, however, these same sons would often contest the succession, backed by competing powerful families and court factions. Kings used every means to concentrate power by demanding tribute from regional leaders and requiring them to serve at court. 28 shorthistory China pages 23/9/02 8:03 AM Page 29 Early relations Early Southeast Asian rulers and elites borrowed from India, above all, the means to legitimise and consolidate their power. These included a system of writing and the language (classical Sanskrit) and literature that went with it, principles of statecraft, and a set of religious beliefs that rested on the identity of local deities with gods of the Indian pantheon.
But China was a bureaucratic state, and records were important. Moreover, embassies from other countries were just as intermittent. It seems likely, therefore, that the list of Funanese embassies is relatively complete. So what conclusions can we draw? The first is that these were not tribute missions in the sense that applied between the segmentary parts of Southeast Asian mandalas. Funan was not required to send large amounts of produce to China, nor were Funanese kings required to take loyalty oaths to the Son of Heaven.
But because the Vietnamese shared the Chinese worldview, the ruler of Vietnam laid claim to the same cosmic relationship with Heaven and Earth as did the Son of Heaven, and the same relationship of hierarchical superiority to surrounding, less cultured peoples. 9 Only by such a device could Vietnam establish an acceptable bilateral relations regime with China, while at the same time expressing its own international relations culture in its dealings with its Southeast Asian neighbours. The attitudes towards its neighbours that Vietnam adopted as part of its culture of international relations carried with them implications for the extension of Vietnamese power that, not surprisingly, were remarkably similar to Chinese views.
A Short History of China and Southeast Asia: Tribute, Trade and Influence (A Short History of Asia series) by Martin Stuart-Fox